Tag Archives: bronchoscopy

Canadian Neighbor Pharmacy: Results of Rapid On-Site Cytologic Evaluation During Transbronchial Needle Aspiration

Overall TBNA Results In all, 44 bronchoscopies were performed on 42 patients (Table 1). Sixty-eight TBNAs were performed, of which 32 were of mediastinal lesions, 14 were of hilar lesions, and 22 were of parenchymal lesions. Ultrasound guidance was utilized … Continue reading

Chronic Cough Due to Lung Tumors: Summary of Recommendations

There have been few studies of benzonatate as a peripherally acting antitussive in the setting of pulmonary malignancies. In a case series, benzonatate effectively controlled cough in 80% of 21 patients with malignant pulmonary involvement, and it was effective for … Continue reading

Chronic Cough Due to Lung Tumors: Pharmacotherapy of Cough

Opioids appear to be the best cough suppressants in patients with lung cancer. Dihydrocodeine and hydrocodone are the most widely used opioids. In a phase II dose-titration study of 25 patients with advanced cancer who have cough, 5 mg of … Continue reading

Chronic Cough Due to Lung Tumors: Pharmacotherapy of Cough

Cough may persist in the setting of lung cancer, despite all other treatments that are directed at the cancer and the associated symptom of cough. When cough persists, most patients will be offered pharmacologic therapy that is designed to control … Continue reading

Chronic Cough Due to Lung Tumors: Recommendations

Immediate relief of airway occlusion and many of the symptoms it causes can be expected with endobronchial treatment approaches in 73 to 90% of patients. All endobronchial therapeutic techniques have the potential to provide significant relief of cough and dyspnea, … Continue reading

Chronic Cough Due to Lung Tumors: Endobronchial Treatment Methods To Relieve Cough

More patients benefit by the reduction of tumor-related symptoms from gemcitabine chemotherapy than is suggested by the objective response rate. Cough, in particular, was improved for 2 to 5 months by gemcitabine alone in 44% of all subjects with cough, … Continue reading

Chronic Cough Due to Lung Tumors: Radiation Therapy

For patients with more advanced NSCLC (stages III and IV), external beam radiation and/or chemotherapy are usually offered as treatment. Chest pain and hemoptysis are more effectively palliated than cough and dyspnea. Two multicenter randomized prospective controlled trials’ that were … Continue reading

Chronic Cough Due to Lung Tumors: Treatment of Cough Caused by Cancer Surgery

Conversely, bronchoscopy usually will not reveal a malignancy when there is little risk for lung cancer (nonsmokers) and normal findings on a plain chest radiograph. Two prospective descriptive studies” have provided information about the role of bronchoscopy in this setting. … Continue reading

Chronic Cough Due to Lung Tumors: Diagnosis of Lung Cancer

A chest radiograph should be obtained when a patient with cough has risk factors for lung cancer or a known or suspected cancer in another site that may metastasize to the lungs. A CT scan of the chest is often … Continue reading

Chronic Cough Due to Lung Tumors: Clinical Features of Cancer as a Cause of Cough

Smoking tobacco causes 90% of primary lung cancers. Thus, heavy cigarette smokers who have a new onset of cough, a change in the characteristics of a preexisting cough, and the presence of hemoptysis (usually a small volume, often only streaks) … Continue reading

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